Abstract:Stereoscopic particle image velocimetry is used to investigate the effects of micro-ramp sub-boundary layer vortex generators, on an incident shock wave/boundary layer interaction at Mach 1.84. Single- and double-row arrangements of micro-ramps are considered. The micro-ramps have a height of 20% of the unperturbed boundary layer thickness and the measurement planes are located 0.1 and 0.6 boundary layer thicknesses from the wall. The micro-ramps generate packets of individual vortex pairs downstream of their vertices, which produce counter-rotating longitudinal streamwise vortex pairs in a time-averaged view. These structures induce a pronounced spanwise variation of the flow properties, namely the mixing across the boundary layer interface. The probability of reversed-flow occurrence is decreased by 20 and 30% for the single- and double-row configurations, respectively. Both configurations of micro-ramps stabilize the shock motion by reducing the length of its motion by about 20% in the lower measurement plane. The results are summarized by a conceptual model describing the boundary layer’s and interaction’s flow pattern under the effect of the micro-ramps.